AUSTIN, Texas – The vast majority of state lawmakers from South Texas in the House of Representatives are Democrat and they vote more conservatively than their colleagues from other parts of Texas.

And the two state representatives from South Texas that are Republican vote more liberally than almost all of their GOP colleagues. 

These conservative-to-liberal rankings are revealed in new analysis by Mark. P. Jones, political science fellow at Rice University’s James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy, for a story in The Texas Tribune. Jones tracked the votes of all 150 House members on certain pieces of legislation during the recently concluded 2021 legislative session.

The most conservative Democrat in the Texas House was state Rep. Ryan Guillen of Rio Grande City. The second most conservative Democrat was state Rep. Richard Peña Raymond of Laredo. Third was state Rep. Tracy King of Batesville. 

There are 67 Democrats in the Texas House. Of the 17 most conservative members, 15 are from South Texas, including San Antonio. This includes all eight members from the Rio Grande Valley. State Rep. Terry Canales of Edinburg is the fourth most conservative Democrat. State Rep. Sergio Muñoz of Mission comes in at No. 9. State Rep. Bobby Guerra of McAllen is 10th, while state Rep. Armando Martinez of Weslaco is the 12th most conservative Democrat. State Rep. Alex Dominguez of Brownsville is the 13th most conservative, Eddie Lucio of San Benito is 15th, and Oscar Longoria of La Joya is 17th. 

All of the 13 most conservative Texas House Democrats are men. Ten of the 11 most liberal Texas House Democrats are women.

On the Republican side, state Rep. J.M. Lozano of Kingsville is the 6th most liberal member in the GOP ranks. State Rep. Todd Hunter of Corpus Christi is the 8th most liberal member on the Republican side of the aisle. There are 82 Republicans in the Texas House. 

State Rep. Dade Phelan, a Republican from Beaumont, was not considered in the analysis because he is speaker of the House and does not usually vote on legislation. 

Editor’s Note: Click here to read the full story and rankings in The Texas Tribune. 

Editor’s Note: The main image accompanying the above news story shows state Reps. Ryan Guillen and Sergio Muñoz in 2015. (Photo credit: Legislative Media Services/Mark Montemayor).


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