In mid-May, just before the end of the school year, a mother drove to a local grammar school to pick up her three children.

As she was parking her truck, a Brownsville police officer, apparently doing traffic duty, asked her for her papers.

The woman, however, having suffered an onslaught of news reports about SB4, the Texas “Show Me Your Papers” law, told me that she thought that he meant her immigration documents. The policeman was only asking about her driver’s license and proof of insurance.

The woman, shaken, went into the school office to collect her children.

Inside the school, the mother ran into the school secretary. As is the case in many communities, the secretary is considered a reliable source of knowledge. This mom, afraid, pled her case. “But the police have no right to ask me for my papers; they have no right to do that on school property! Who can I complain to?”

The secretary responded, “Ah, but you see, with that new law, SB4, everything has changed. The police can come into the school any time they want and they can take illegal people away. You should be glad that he didn’t deport you. But he will be back!”

The mother of three gasped; the secretary went back to answering phones and attending other parents’ needs. The mother went home and called her local parish. The priest was able to calm her fears, reminding her that she had the support of her church, and of many others. “I am not sure what exactly we will do as a parish,” the priest told me, “But we will come up with something.”

On May 7, 2017 Texas Governor Greg Abbot went live on Facebook and signed Senate Bill 4. On September 1st, SB4 effectively creates federal immigration agents out of city, county and college police. Police department chiefs and other authorities that refuse to cooperate will be subject to criminal prosecution.

“People hunting has become the state-sponsored sport of the moment,” remarked an older friend of mine.

So it seems.

One small church has joined in the hunt early on. Just days after the governor signed SB4, the pastor of that community took the trouble one Sunday to exhort the undocumented immigrants in his church to “pack up and leave. God wants you to follow the law!”

And so fourteen families sold all that they had and self-deported. These families are mixed-status—some are US citizens, some are undocumented residents. In one case, three American-born siblings were told that they had a week to say goodbye to their friends, that the family was moving to the mother’s native Peru. None of those kids really knows what “Peru” means; they have never been there, and, in any case, they had been preoccupied with navigating that other unknown territory known as adolescence.

During that same week that the school mom received her fright, I got a call from a fellow who works with a community clinic. Doctors there were worrying about the number of parents missing appointments. The patients, apparently, were afraid that they would be picked up by the Border Patrol, which likes to hang out at the taqueria across the street from the clinic.

At a different community clinic, a border patrol agent had taken to sitting in his patrol car during lunch in the patients’ parking lot. He may have been simply eating his sandwich; the clinic’s clients skipped their appointments. “You never know,” concluded one of the patient advocates who works at the clinic.

One of the best summer programs for kids in the region has lost half the participants that they had last year. The director of the organization noted that the constant presence of Texas State troopers, who have committed their officers to stopping anyone who appears to them to be an undocumented immigrant, has created all sorts of hardships for their programs. “People are afraid,” she said.

Timothy Snyder, a scholar specializing in the history of fascist Europe, has laid out a list of the kinds of symptoms that indicated that the hearts and minds of “regular citizens” had accepted some of the rankest evils in our recent history. Amongst these symptoms was the willingness of citizens to obey in advance, to put aside critical thought and generous sensibilities in an effort to align themselves with what appeared to be the new reality. In this way, perhaps unwittingly, the citizens helped usher in all manner of evil. It became acceptable to segregate Jewish people, for example, which led to the tolerance of rounding up those neighbors, and, later, to the silent cooperation in their murders.

Snyder addresses his thoughts to our entire nation, but the admonition to “not obey in advance” has a particular immediacy in the Rio Grande Valley. Our region is, after all, along a border; in some places, it is a ten-minute drive to the bridge. A family’s fortunes can change in those ten to fifteen minutes. There is neither the time nor the legal resources for a family to establish a lawful claim of presence. Furthermore, the Valley, like much of the southern border, has been militarized over the past ten years. The state of Texas itself will have spent nearly $2 billion over four years to fill the area with state troopers, who act as surrogates for the border patrol. And, of course, there is SB4, a law that will exponentially expand the reach of the border patrol by adding hundreds of local police officers to their force. All of this works to create a social space that makes the abuse and exploitation of people much easier. While there have always been individuals in our area who cheat and exploit the undocumented, the strident criminalization of all immigrants offers a temptation for others to either look the other way and ignore these abuses, or, sadly, engage in their own form of exploitation.

There are, on the other hand, an uncountable number of people who refuse to accept the hunting down of friends and neighbors as the new normal. Artists and educators, physicians and activists, younger folks and older ones have spent the spring and early part of the summer organizing what is called The Resistance.

These are thoughtful, creative and courageous people who know their history, refuse an easy obedience to evil, and who believe in their power.

They are God-sent gifts for a difficult time.


  1. “There is neither the time nor the legal resources for a family to establish a lawful claim of presence.” THEN DON’T COME.

    More tripe by another who doesn’t know or refuses to acknowledge the difference between legal and ILLEGAL immigration. NO ONE has the ‘RIGHT’ to enter the U.S. just because they want to.

    “Those who enter the country illegally … disrespect the rule of law and they are showing disregard for those who are following the law. We simply cannot allow people to pour into the United States undetected, undocumented, unchecked and circumventing the line of people waiting patiently, diligently and LAWFULLY to become immigrants.” — Barack Obama

  2. Don’t like a law? At least know what it is and seek to change it. Until it is, ENFORCE IT.

    8 U.S. Code § 1182 – Inadmissible aliens:
    (a) Classes of ALIENS INELIGIBLE FOR visas or ADMISSION
    Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, aliens who are inadmissible under the following paragraphs are ineligible to receive visas and INELIGIBLE TO BE ADMITTED to the United States
    (6) Illegal entrants and immigration violators
    (A) Aliens present without admission or parole
    (i) In general
    An ALIEN PRESENT in the United States without being
    admitted or paroled, or who arrives in the United States
    at any time or place other than as designated by the
    Attorney General, IS INADMISSIBLE.
    (B) Failure to attend removal proceeding
    Any alien who without reasonable cause fails or
    refuses to attend or remain in attendance at a
    proceeding to determine the alien’s inadmissibility or
    deportability and who seeks admission to the United
    States within 5 years of such alien’s subsequent
    departure or removal IS INADMISSIBLE.
    (E) Smugglers
    (i) In general
    ANY ALIEN who at any time knowingly has encouraged,
    induced, assisted, abetted, or aided any other alien to
    enter or to try to enter the United States in violation of
    (9) Aliens previously removed
    (A) Certain aliens previously removed
    (i) Arriving aliens
    Any alien who has been ordered removed under section
    1225(b)(1) of this title or at the end of proceedings under
    section 1229a of this title initiated upon the alien’s arrival
    in the United States and who again seeks admission
    within 5 years of the date of such removal (or within 20
    years in the case of a second or subsequent removal or
    at any time in the case of an alien convicted of an
    aggravated felony) IS INADMISSIBLE.
    (ii) Other aliens
    Any alien not described in clause (i) who—
    (I) has been ordered removed under section 1229a of
    this title or any other provision of law, or
    (II) departed the United States while an order of
    removal was outstanding, and who seeks admission
    within 10 years of the date of such alien’s departure or
    removal (or within 20 years of such date in the case of
    a second or subsequent removal or at any time in the
    case of an alien convicted of an aggravated felony)
    (B) Aliens unlawfully present
    (i) In general
    Any alien (other than an alien lawfully admitted for
    permanent residence) who—
    (I) was unlawfully present in the United States for a
    period of more than 180 days but less than 1 year,
    voluntarily departed the United States (whether or not
    pursuant to section 1254a(e) [3] of this title) prior to
    the commencement of proceedings under section
    1225(b)(1) of this title or section 1229a of this title,
    and again seeks admission within 3 years of the date
    of such alien’s departure or removal, or
    (II) has been unlawfully present in the United States
    for one year or more, and who again seeks admission
    within 10 years of the date of such alien’s departure or
    removal from the United States, IS INADMISSIBLE.
    ii) Construction of unlawful presence
    For purposes of this paragraph, an alien is deemed
    to be UNLAWFULLY PRESENT in the United States
    if the alien is present in the United States after the
    expiration of the period of stay authorized by the
    Attorney General or is present in the United States
    without being admitted or paroled.
    (C) Aliens unlawfully present after previous immigration
    (i) In general
    Any alien who—
    (I) has been unlawfully present in the United States
    for an aggregate period of more than 1 year, or
    (II) has been ordered removed under section 1225(b)
    (1) of this title, section 1229a of this title, or any other
    provision of law, and who enters or attempts to
    reenter the United States without being admitted